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Association Monégasque sur l’Acidification des Océans

AMAO - Les actions des partenaires de l'AMAO

Océan 2015

The Oceans 2015 Initiative was launched to provide COP21 negotiators with key information on how the future ocean will look like. It is led by CNRS-UPMC and IDDRI and is supported by the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, the Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the BNP Paribas Foundation and the Monégasque Association for Ocean Acidification. Key products of this initiative are available for scientists, decision makers and the general public. 
 

  • Scientific community
    • Gattuso J.-P., Magnan A., Billé R., Cheung W. W. L., Howes E. L., Joos F., Allemand D., Bopp L., Cooley S., Eakin C. M., Hoegh-Guldberg O., Kelly R. P., Pörtner H.-O., Rogers A. D., Baxter J. M., Laffoley D., Osborn D., Rankovic A., Rochette J., Sumaila U. R., Treyer S. & Turley C., 2015. Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios.Science 349: aac4722. [Link]
      Article has an altmetric score of 456
    • Howes E. L., Joos F., Eakin M. & Gattuso J.-P., 2015. The Oceans 2015 Initiative, Part I: An updated understanding of the observed and projected impacts of ocean warming and acidification on physical and biological processes in the oceans. IDDRI Study 02/15:1-51. [Link]
    • Howes E. L., Joos F., Eakin C. M. & Gattuso J.-P., 2015. An updated synthesis of the observed and projected impacts of climate change on the chemical, physical and biological processes in the oceans. Frontiers in Marine Science 2:36. [Link]
    • Weatherdon L., Rogers A., Sumaila R., Magnan A. & Cheung W. W. L., 2015. The Oceans 2015 Initiative, Part II: An updated understanding of the observed and projected impacts of ocean warming and acidification on marine and coastal socioeconomic activities/sectors. IDDRI Study03/15:1-44. [Link]

  • Decision makers
    • Policy Brief
      • Magnan A. K., Billé R., Cooley S. R., Kelly R., Pörtner H.-O., Turley C. & Gattuso J.-P., 2015. Intertwined ocean and climate: implications for international climate negotiations. IDDRI Policy Brief 04/15:1-4. English version. French, Spanish and Chinese versions available soon

  • General public
    • Popular articles
      • Allemand D., 2015. L'Océan, oublié de la COP21 ? La Gazette de Monaco 493:64-65. [Link]
      • Bopp L., Magnan A. & Gattuso J.-P., 2015. Océans et climat : un duo inséparable. Dossier Pour la Science 89:34-40. [Link]
      • Gattuso J.-P. & Magnan A., in press. Les océans, acteurs et victimes du changement climatique. Le Monde Diplomatique.
      • Magnan A. & Gattuso J.-P., in press. L'océan, l'autre acteur du changement climatique.Alternatives Internationales.
      • Ribera T., Rochette J. & Magnan A.K., in press. Gouverner ensemble l'océan et le climat: le nouveau défi planétaire. Le Monde Diplomatique.
    • Animated movie
    • Cartoon

  • Media coverage

Acidification, réchauffement, montée des eaux menacent l'écosystème marin...le projet "Ocean Initiative 2015" décrypte dans cette animation ces phénomènes qui nous concernent tous.

The Oceans 2015 Initiative: an impact scenario for COP 21 / Institut du développement durable et des relations internationales

Porteur du projet : Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (IDDRI)

La 21ème Conférence des Parties (COP) à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) se tiendra à Paris en 2015. L'enjeu est crucial, car les pays développés, émergents et en développement négocieront la trajectoire d'émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) pour les décennies à venir (l'après protocole de Kyoto). Par ailleurs, il a été démontré que la hausse des concentrations de GES (notamment de CO2) dans l'atmosphère nuit gravement aux espèces et aux écosystèmes maritimes et côtiers, en raison de l'acidification des océans et du réchauffement des mers. Une grave menace pèse ainsi sur notre bien-être et les activités humaines ; l'impact se fait déjà ressentir sur les coraux, le secteur de l'huître, etc. Le grand défi consiste donc à atténuer ces conséquences (en réduisant par exemple considérablement les émissions de CO2 et de GES). Il est fondamental, dans le cadre de la COP 21, de resserrer les liens entre le monde scientifique, le monde politique et les négociateurs.

Depuis la COP 19 à Varsovie, les pourparlers se sont concentrés sur l'adoption par tous les pays d'objectifs d'atténuation ; des « contributions » nationales sont attendues d'ici mars 2015. L'Initiative pour les Océans 2015 vise à réunir un groupe d'experts internationaux pour traduire cette trajectoire mondiale d'émissions de GES en mars 2015 en un plan concret pour les océans et les rivages. Concrètement, au vu de cette trajectoire, quelles pourraient être les conséquences de l'acidification des océans et du changement climatique ? Comment les océans évolueront-ils au cours du 21ème siècle (physique et chimie, écosystèmes et organismes) ? Quelles sont les implications pour les sociétés d'aujourd'hui et de demain ? Répondre à ces questions permettra au groupe de formuler des messages clés qui seront diffusés aux équipes de négociation, dans le but de les aider à prendre des décisions ambitieuses concernant les émissions de GES futures, et aux acteurs « extérieurs » comme les ONG et le grand public à des fins de sensibilisation.

 

The Oceans 2015 Initiative, Part I. An updated synthesis of the observed and projected impacts of climate change on physical and biological processes in the oceans --- E. Howes, F. Joos, M. Eakin, J.-P. Gattuso --- http://www.iddri.org/Publications/The-Oceans-2015-Initiative,Part-I-An-updated-synthesis-of-the-observed-and-projected-impacts-of-climate-change-on-physical-and

The Oceans 2015 Initiative, Part II. An updated understanding of the observed and projected impacts of ocean warming and acidification on marine and coastal socioeconomic activities/sectors --- L. Weatherdon, A. Rogers, R. Sumaila, A. Magnan, W.L. Cheung --- http://www.iddri.org/Publications/The-Oceans-2015-Initiative,Part-II-An-updated-understanding-of-the-observed-and-projected-impacts-of-ocean-warming-and-acidific

Observed and projected impacts of climate change on marine fisheries, aquaculture, coastal tourism, and human health: an update
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2016.00048/abstract

Déclaration de Monaco 

Elaborée à l’issue du Second Symposium sur l’Acidification des Océans, qui s’est tenu en Principauté du 6 au 9 octobre 2008, la « déclaration de Monaco » cosignée par 155 scientifiques originaires de 26 pays, a été rendue publique dans le cadre du congrès des sciences aquatiques ASLO qui s’est tenu à la fin du mois de janvier à Nice.

Cette déclaration, préfacée par S.A.S le Prince Albert II, vise à interpeller les décideurs politiques sur les enjeux de l’acidification des océans et encourager les efforts de recherche dans ce domaine. Elle appelle à agir sans plus attendre pour réduire de manière décisive les émissions de CO2 afin d’éviter que la modification physico-chimique des océans ne cause des dommages étendus et graves aux écosystèmes marins dont dépend plus de la moitié de la population mondiale pour sa subsistance. 

En savoir plus

 

 


Workshop océans et acidification 

Workshop n°1 : Recommandations CSM/AIEA (2011) 

Workshop n°2 : Economics of ocean acidification (2012)

Workshop n°3 : Economics of ocean acidification (2013)


OAiRUG
 

1st OAiRUG

The Ocean Acidification international Reference User Group (OA-iRUG) was launched as part of the European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA) in 2008 as a key means of conveying the scientific results coming out of the project to non-scientific audiences and science end-users, in particular policy and decision makers. The concept is simple but efficient: bringing together scientists and stakeholders from various backgrounds such as industry, governmental and non-governmental organizations, to allow networking and the presentation of key findings to interested non-scientific parties. 

The RUG helped EPOCA scientists to reach out to a different audience through a series of briefings and guides available in multiple languages, disseminated widely, and brought to international policy fora such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP). RUG members also fed back the findings of the project to their parent organisations. 

In 2010 the EPOCA RUG evolved to support and be supported by the three other main projects on ocean acidification at the time: the German project BIOlogical Impacts of Ocean ACIDification (BIOACID), the UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA) and the European Union project Mediterranean Sea Acidification in a Changing Climate (MedSeA). In 2013, the work of the group could be brought to a true international dimension thanks to the generous support of the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, and the Ocean Acidification international Reference User Group (OA-iRUG) was launched. 

The OA-iRUG, chaired by Professor Dan Laffoley (IUCN), is working with current projects and with the OA-ICC to examine in detail the types of data, analyses and products that are most useful to managers, policy advisers, decision makers and politicians and ensure an appropriate format and distribution vehicles. 

2nd OAiRUG

Bridging the Gap between Ocean Acidification and Economic Valuation

“Ocean acidification impacts on coastal communities”

Principality of Monaco

 

Workshop description and objectives

Vision statement

The 3rd International Workshop on the socio-economic impacts of ocean acidification aims to provide policymakers and marine resource managers with recommendations to become aware and prepare for the social and economic impacts on coastal communities. The workshop will focus on five areas of societal impact in relation to ocean acidification:

  • •    Coastal communities dependent on fisheries and aquaculture
  • •    Marine-based tourism under environmental change
  • •    Modelling of bio-socio-economic impacts
  • •    Possibilities for societal transformations 
  • •    Blue Ocean Industries, a low-carbon future
  • •    Governance, governments and legislation

It is a fundamental tenet of the supporters of this workshop that the best available scientific information can be used to make decisions to face the deteriorated condition of the ocean environment. Without the reversal of the source of the physical phenomenon, namely excess anthropogenic CO2 emissions, societal impacts of ocean acidification will require adaptation and forward planning in the ways living ocean resources are used and protected. Participants in the workshop will assess potential social and economic impacts and human adaption options to environmental change in the oceans, and summarize information to assist policymakers, resource managers and communities in developing responses to ocean acidification. A primary outcome of the workshop will be to inform politicians and resource managers of the cost/benefit of ocean acidification to coastal communities in terms of impacts to subsistence, livelihoods, employment, infrastructure, cultural use, environmental quality and ecosystem services via changes to natural resource availability and condition.

Problem

Coastal communities and their economies will be impacted by global ocean acidification and localized coastal acidification events in the future. However, communities, ranging from mega-cities to artisanal fishing villages differ significantly in population, maritime activity and reliance on marine natural resources. Furthermore, marine dependence differs among respective communities and may be based on tourism, subsistence fisheries, marine resource trade, or a mixture of activities and services. Identifying the pathway and level of acidification impact on communities will become a concern of governments of coastal countries. This workshop will begin to provide policymakers, managers and communities with recommendations of possible human actions or solutions to adapt to ocean acidification and the changing marine environment.

Purpose and scope 

The purpose of this workshop is to identify and discuss the pathways of impact that ocean acidification may have on social and economic aspects of coastal communities and recommend options for human adaptation to address the consequences of excess CO2 in the oceans. Multi-disciplinary working groups will discuss impacts to fisheries, tourism, trade, marine business, governance, traditional culture and ways to model the cascade of impacts of ocean acidification on human activities. The recommendations will provide policymakers and other stakeholders with combined natural and social sciences information to generate alternative approaches to support sustainable development, while reducing both the source and the impacts of ocean acidification. The discussions should focus on pathways of impact and possible solutions through social transformation in the context of the UN sustainable development goals. Low carbon industries and activities may be part of the solution because they result in a cleaner, more resilient environment and social structure.

OA-iRUG products (most recent first)

Agir contre l'acidifation des océans - "Our oceans" Valparaiso (05-06 octobre 2015)

Sommaire exécutif : Télécharger
Rapport principal : Télécharger

Monaco Action Plan (8 Juin 2015)

Updating what we know about ocean acidification and key global challenges: Ocean Acidification - The Knowledge Base 2012

Messages for Rio+20: Ocean Acidification - Acting on Evidence (2012)

Making it clear: Ocean Acidification - Questions Answered (2010)

A special introductory guide for policy advisers and decision makers: Ocean Acidification - The Facts (2009)

OA-ICC,  August – December 2014:

  • Side event on ocean acidification at the UN Conference on the Small Island Developing States, Apia, Samoa, 28-29 August 2014 (presentation delivered by Marc Metian, IAEA Research Scientist)
  • Training course on ocean acidification in the Mediterranean, La Spezia, Italy, 1-7 September 2014
  • World Festival of Underwater Image, Marseille, France, 30 October – 2 November 2014 (sponsoring the participation of the winner of the UN 1st World Oceans  Day Photo Contest)
  • Training course on ocean acidification for students and researchers from Latin America, Chile, 9-16 November 2014
  • 2nd International Ocean Research Conference, Barcelona, Spain, November 201417-21 November 2014 (publications display, projection of a video made in cooperation with IOC-UNESCO )
  • Side event on ocean acidification at the UNFCCC COP20, Lima, Peru, December 2014 (specific activities to be discussed; sponsoring the participation of two Chilean students)
  • Adding error propagation to carbonate system software packages (to be launched by the end of 2014)
  • Adding buffer factors to carbonate system software packages (to be launched by the end of 2014)

In addition to its already established endeavours in science, capacity building and communication for the year 2015 (training courses, data managers meeting etc.), the OA-ICC has programmed a series of new activities, among which:

  • Cooperation for the development of the GOA-ON data portal (expert meeting and portal design)
  • Elaboration of as ‘short course in a box’ on OA – compilation of existing materials supplemented by teachers guide
  • Development of online workshops and E-learning modules
  • Bibliometric analysis of OA-ICC bibliographic database
  • Contribution to the joint IAEA / UNEP report on OA and the Regional Seas etc.

 

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